Adding Jena Permissions to Fuseki


The goal of this document is to add Jena Permissions to a fuseki deployment to restrict access to graph data. This example will take the example application, deploy the data to a fuseki instance and add the Jena Permissions to achieve the same access restrictions that the example application has.

To do this you will need a Fuseki installation, the Permissions Packages and a SecurityEvaluator implementation. For this example we will use the SecurityEvaluator from the permissions-example.

Set up

This example uses Fuseki 2.3.0 or higher, Permissions 3.1.0 or higher and Apache Commons Collections v4.

Fuseki can be downloaded from: []

Jena Permissions jars can be downloaded from: []

  1. Download and unpack Fuseki. The directory that you unpack Fuseki into will be referred to as the Fuseki Home directory for the remainder of this document.

  2. Download the permissions jar and the associated permissions-example jar.

  3. Copy the permissions jar and the permissions-example jar into the Fuseki Home directory. For the rest of this document the permissions jar will be referred to as permissions.jar and the permissions-example.jar as example.jar

  4. Download the Apache Commons Collections v4 [] Uncompress the commons-collections*.jar into the Fuseki Home directory.

  5. Add security jars to the startup script/batch file.

    • On *NIX edit fuseki-server script

      1. Comment out the line that reads exec java $JVM_ARGS -jar "$JAR" "$@"
      2. Uncomment the line that reads ## APPJAR=MyCode.jar
      3. Uncomment the line that reads ## java $JVM_ARGS -cp "$JAR:$APPJAR" org.apache.jena.fuseki.cmd.FusekiCmd "$@"
      4. change MyCode.jar to permissions.jar:example.jar:commons-collections*.jar
    • On Windows edit fuseki-server.bat file.

      1. Comment out the line that reads java -Xmx1200M -jar fuseki-server.jar %*
      2. Uncomment the line that reads @REM java ... -cp fuseki-server.jar;MyCustomCode.jar org.apache.jena.fuseki.cmd.FusekiCmd %*
      3. Change MyCustomCode.jar to permissions.jar;example.jar;commons-collections*.jar
  6. Run the fuseki-server script or batch file.

  7. Stop the server.

  8. Extract the example configuration into the newly created Fuseki Home/run directory. From the example.jar archive:

    • extract /org/apache/jena/permissions/example/example.ttl into the Fuseki Home/run directory
    • extract /org/apache/jena/permissions/example/fuseki/config.ttl into the Fuseki Home/run directory
    • extract /org/apache/jena/permissions/example/fuseki/shiro.ini into the Fuseki Home/run directory
  9. Run fuseki-server –config=run/config.ttl or fuseki-server.bat –config=run/config.ttl

Review of configuration

At this point the system is configured with the following logins:

LoginpasswordAccess to
alicealiceOnly messages to or from alice
bobbobOnly messages to or from bob
chuckchuckOnly messages to or from chuck
darladarlaOnly messages to or from darla

The messages graph is defined in the run/example.ttl file.

The run/shiro.ini file lists the users and their passwords and configures Fuseki to require authentication to access to the graphs.

The run/config.ttl file adds the permissions to the graph as follows by applying the org.apache.jena.permissions.example.ShiroExampleEvaluator security evaluator to the message graph.

Define all the prefixes.

@prefix fuseki:  <> .
@prefix tdb:     <> .
@prefix rdf:     <> .
@prefix rdfs:    <> .
@prefix ja:      <> .
@prefix perm:    <> .
@prefix my:     <> .

Load the SecuredAssembler class from the permissions library and define the perm:Model as a subclass of ja:NamedModel.

[] ja:loadClass    "org.apache.jena.permissions.SecuredAssembler" .
   perm:Model       rdfs:subClassOf  ja:NamedModel .

Define the base model that contains the unsecured data. This can be any model type. For our example we use an in memory model that reads the exampl.ttl file.

my:baseModel rdf:type ja:MemoryModel;
    ja:content [ja:externalContent <file:./example.ttl>]

Define the secured model. This is where permissions is applied to the my:baseModel to create a model that has permission restrictions. Note that it is using the security evaluator implementation (sec:evaluatorImpl) called my:secEvaluator which we will define next.

my:securedModel rdf:type sec:Model ;
    perm:baseModel my:baseModel ;
    ja:modelName "" ;
    perm:evaluatorImpl my:secEvaluator .

Define the security evaluator. This is where we use the example ShiroExampleEvaluator. For your production environment you will replace "" with your SecurityEvaluator implementation. Note that ShiroExampleEvaluator constructor takes a Model argument. We pass in the unsecured baseModel so that the evaluator can read it unencumbered. Your implementation of SecurityEvaluator may have different parameters to meet your specific needs.

my:secEvaluator rdf:type perm:Evaluator ;
    perm:args [
        rdf:_1 my:baseModel ;
    ] ;
    perm:evaluatorClass "org.apache.jena.permissions.example.ShiroExampleEvaluator" .

Define the dataset that we will use for in the server. Note that in the example dataset only contains the single secured model, adding multiple models and mising secured and unsecured models is supported.

my:securedDataset rdf:type ja:RDFDataset ;
    ja:defaultGraph my:securedModel .

Define the fuseki:Server.

my:fuskei rdf:type fuseki:Server ;
    fuseki:services (
    ) .

Define the service for the fuseki:Service. Note that the fuseki:dataset served by this server is the secured dataset defined above.

my:service1 rdf:type fuseki:Service ;
    rdfs:label                        "My Secured Data Service" ;
    fuseki:name                       "myAppFuseki" ;       # http://host:port/myAppFuseki
    fuseki:serviceQuery               "query" ;    # SPARQL query service
    fuseki:serviceQuery               "sparql" ;   # SPARQL query service
    fuseki:serviceUpdate              "update" ;   # SPARQL query service
    fuseki:serviceUpload              "upload" ;   # Non-SPARQL upload service
    fuseki:serviceReadWriteGraphStore "data" ;     # SPARQL Graph store protocol (read and write)
    # A separate ead-only graph store endpoint:
    fuseki:serviceReadGraphStore      "get" ;      # SPARQL Graph store protocol (read only)
    fuseki:dataset                    my:securedDataset ;

Review of ShiroExampleEvaluator

The ShiroExampleEvaluator uses triple level permissions to limit access to the "messages" in the graph to only those people in the message is address to or from. It is connected to the Shiro system by the getPrincipal() implementation where it simply calls the Shiro SecurityUtils.getSubject() method to return the current shiro user.

 * Return the Shiro subject.  This is the subject that Shiro currently has logged in.
public Object getPrincipal() {
    return SecurityUtils.getSubject();

This example allows any action on a graph as is seen in the evaluate(Object principal, Action action, Node graphIRI) and evaluateAny(Object principal, Set<Action> actions, Node graphIRI) methods. This is the first permissions check. If you wish to restrict users from specific graphs this method should be recoded to perform the check.

 * We allow any action on the graph itself, so this is always true.
public boolean evaluate(Object principal, Action action, Node graphIRI) {
    // we allow any action on a graph.
    return true;

 * As per our design, users can access any graph.  If we were to implement rules that 
 * restricted user access to specific graphs, those checks would be here and we would 
 * return <code>false</code> if they were not allowed to access the graph.  Note that this
 * method is checking to see that the user may perform ANY of the actions in the set on the
 * graph.
public boolean evaluateAny(Object principal, Set<Action> actions, Node graphIRI) {
    return true;

The other overridden methods are implemented using one of three (3) private methods that evaluate if the user should have access to the data based on our security design. To implement your security design you should understand what each of the methods checks. See the SecurityEvaluator javadocs and SecurityEvaluator implementation notes.